On February 22, 2023, AVO raised the Aviation Color Code and Volcano Alert Level at Aniakchak to YELLOW/ADVISORY, citing increased seismicity. "The number of earthquakes beneath Aniakchak volcano has recently increased and shifted to shallower depths. Due to this increase in seismic activity to above-background levels, the Alaska Volcano Observatory is raising the Aviation Color Code to YELLOW and the Volcano Alert Level to ADVISORY. There have been no signs of unrest in other monitoring data.
Background seismicity at Aniakchak has mostly been characterized by deep (>15 km or 9.3 miles), long-period events occurring at a rate of ~4 earthquakes per month. From October 2022 to present, the rate of earthquakes has been more elevated and characterized by shallower earthquakes at depths less than 9 km (5.6 miles) below sea level. The earthquake rate has further increased since January 31 with dozens of earthquakes detected per day, including a M3.7 earthquake on February 17.
There is no indication that an eruption of Aniakchak is imminent, or that one will occur. Increases in seismic activity have been detected previously at other similar volcanoes, with no subsequent eruptions. We expect additional shallow seismicity and other signs of unrest, such as gas emissions, elevated surface temperatures, and surface deformation to precede any future eruption, if one were to occur. Should activity increase, AVO will issue further notices"."