• Official Name: Mount Adagdak
  • Seismically Monitored: No
  • Color Code: UNASSIGNED
  • Alert Level: UNASSIGNED
  • Elevation: 645m (2116ft)
  • Latitude: 51.9898
  • Longitude: -176.58705
  • Smithsonian VNum:
  • Nearby Towns:
    • Adak 8 mi (13 km) SW
    • Atka 102 mi (165 km) NE
    • Nikolski 331 mi (533 km) NE
    • Shemya Station 395 mi (636 km) NW
    • Saint George 426 mi (686 km) NE


From Baten (2002) [1] : "Mt. Adagdak is located on the northeastern portion of Adak Island, central Aleutian Islands, Alaska. Mt. Adagdak is built from three primary stages of volcanism: 1) the shield stage composed primarily of thick basaltic lava flows, 2) two composite cones, the older cone yields an 40Ar/39Ar date of 2.20 +/- 0.37 Ma (2 sigma error) and the younger cone has a date of 1.2 +/- 0.15 Ma and 3) three domes, one of which has a date of 0.21 +/- 0.05 Ma."
From Wood and Kienle (1990) [2] : "Adak is a large Tertiary island in the central Aleutians with a small (~40 cubic km) volcanic center at its northern extremity. Kanaga lies to the west and Great Sitkin to the east. Because of its easy access, Adak is certainly the most frequently visited and sampled island in the Aleutians. Andrew Bay (~350 m, oldest), Mount Moffet (1,200 m), and Mount Adagdak (650 m) volcanoes have produced essentially all the Recent volcanic material. Only the erosional vestiges of Andrew Bay volcano remain (now filled by Andrew Bay and Lake); it was apparently obliterated by caldera formation, encroachment of the sea, and glaciation. Heavily glaciated, Mount Moffet consists of principally of thick andesite flows, flank domes, and a substantial parasitic cone of many thin basalt flows. The scoriaceous, blocky dome on the outward south flank of Mount Moffet may be one of the youngest volcanic features of this center. Mount Adagdak is a model composite cone with a distinct lower shield of one or two basalt flows and interbedded scoria. At ~350 m the small stratovolcano begins, consisting mainly of volcaniclastic debris and an occasionally thin, fragmentary andesitic flow. The summit crater, with a well-defined south rim, is occupied by a hornblende andesite plug; in places it has vertical, smooth walls peppered with indigenous xenoliths. At one time this plug may have been partly a Pelean spine, large blocks of which are scattered across the shield. A northwesterly directed explosion and ash flow may have strongly breached the summit crater prior to the vent-filling event. A late stage basaltic dome lies on the southeast flank.
"Although Moffet and Adagdak are certainly volcanoes, when compared to large Aleutian volcanoes, both vents represent small, almost futile outpourings. This is perhaps reflected in the heterogeneous nature and composition of the erupted materials. Mafic, olivine-rich xenolithic material is common in a thick andesite flow on the north shore of Mount Moffet, and also in an apparently phreatic vent on the west shield of Mount Adagdak; gabbroic and dioritic xenoliths are found along the bouldery beach north of Mount Adagdak."

Name Origin

Mount Adagdak's name was derived in 1948 by the U.S. Geological Survey from the name of nearby Cape Adagdak (Orth, 1971).

References Cited

[1] Eruptive history and assessment of volcanic hazards of Mt. Adagdak, Adak Island, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, 2002

Baten, S. K., 2002, Eruptive history and assessment of volcanic hazards of Mt. Adagdak, Adak Island, Aleutian Islands, Alaska: Northern Arizona University unpublished M.S. thesis, 181 p.

[2] Volcanoes of North America: United States and Canada, 1990

Wood, C. A., and Kienle, Juergen, (eds.), 1990, Volcanoes of North America: United States and Canada: New York, Cambridge University Press, 354 p.

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