AVO/USGS Volcanic Activity Notice

Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)

Current Volcano Alert Level: NORMAL
Previous Volcano Alert Level: ADVISORY

Current Aviation Color Code: GREEN
Previous Aviation Color Code: YELLOW

Issued: Monday, July 8, 2024, 12:54 PM AKDT
Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
Notice Number: 2024/A515
Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
Area: Aleutians

Volcanic Activity Summary:

The Alaska Volcano Observatory is lowering the Aviation Color Code to GREEN and Volcano Alert Level to NORMAL at Mount Cleveland. Sulfur dioxide gas emissions continue to be detected on local gas monitoring sensors, however, gas emission rates are now typical to average values since local monitoring began 2 years ago. Steaming from the summit, slightly elevated surface temperatures in the summit crater, and occasional local earthquakes are still seen at Mount Cleveland, but this activity represents background behavior at this highly active Aleutian volcano.

The last eruptive activity at Mount Cleveland was a short-lived explosion during the evening (local time) of June 1, 2020. Despite the current pause, the eruptive period at Mount Cleveland, dating back to 2001, remains ongoing and future explosions are likely. These have occurred without warning and typically generate small clouds of volcanic ash that are a hazard in the immediate vicinity of the volcano, though more significant ash emissions are possible.

Mount Cleveland is currently monitored with a five-station real-time seismic network. Based on past events, explosive eruptions of Cleveland may occur with little or no warning. Rapid detection of an ash-producing eruption may be possible using a combination of seismic, infrasound, lightning, and satellite data.


Recent Observations:
[Volcanic cloud height] not applicable
[Other volcanic cloud information] Steam and sulfur dioxide gas emissions continue from Cleveland


Cleveland volcano forms the western portion of Chuginadak Island, a remote and uninhabited island in the east central Aleutians. The volcano is located about 45 miles (75 km) west of the community of Nikolski, and 940 miles (1500 km) southwest of Anchorage. The most recent significant period of eruption began in February 2001 and produced 3 explosive events that generated ash clouds as high as 39,000 ft (11.8 km) above sea level. The 2001 eruption also produced a lava flow and hot avalanche that reached the sea. Since then, Cleveland has been intermittently active producing small lava flows, often followed by explosions that generate small ash clouds generally below 20,000 ft (6 km) above sea level. These explosions also launch debris onto the slopes of the cone producing hot pyroclastic avalanches and lahars that sometimes reach the coastline.


Matt Haney, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS,, (907) 786-7497

Tarsilo Girona, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI,, (907) 378-5460

The Alaska Volcano Observatory is a cooperative program of the U.S. Geological Survey, the University of Alaska Fairbanks Geophysical Institute, and the Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys.

Hazard Notification System (HANS) for Volcanoes at