U.S. Geological Survey
Friday, February 9, 2024, 12:58 PM AKST (Friday, February 9, 2024, 21:58 UTC)

52°4'35" N 176°6'39" W, Summit Elevation 5709 ft (1740 m)
Current Volcano Alert Level: WATCH
Current Aviation Color Code: ORANGE

The eruption of lava within the summit crater of Great Sitkin Volcano likely continues. Cloud cover has inhibited views of the volcano this week, and no new satellite radar images have been obtained since February 4, 2024. Web camera views of the volcano also have been obscured by clouds this week.

AVO detected a few volcanic earthquakes each day this week. Most were too small to locate and are smaller than magnitude 1.

The current prolonged period of lava eruption at Great Sitkin Volcano began in July 2021. No explosive events have occurred since a single event in May 2021.       

The volcano is monitored by local seismic, geodetic, and infrasound sensors and web cameras, as well as regional infrasound and lightning networks and satellite data.  

Great Sitkin Volcano is a basaltic andesite volcano that occupies most of the northern half of Great Sitkin Island, a member of the Andreanof Islands group in the central Aleutian Islands. It is located 26 miles (43 km) east of the community of Adak. The volcano is a composite structure consisting of an older dissected volcano and a younger parasitic cone with a ~1 mile (1.5 km)-diameter summit crater. A steep-sided lava dome, emplaced during the 1974 eruption, occupies the center of the crater. That eruption produced at least one ash cloud that likely exceeded an altitude of 25,000 ft (7.6 km) above sea level. A poorly documented eruption occurred in 1945, also producing a lava dome that was partially destroyed in the 1974 eruption. Within the past 280 years a large explosive eruption produced pyroclastic flows that partially filled the Glacier Creek valley on the southwest flank.

54°45'19" N 163°58'16" W, Summit Elevation 9373 ft (2857 m)
Current Volcano Alert Level: ADVISORY
Current Aviation Color Code: YELLOW

Low-level unrest continued at Shishaldin Volcano over the past week. The volcano's activity level is declining, though still above background, following the 2023 eruption, which included 13 significant explosive events from July through November. 

This week, AVO detected only a few low-frequency earthquakes; none were large enough to locate.

Clouds obscured views of the volcano by web camera throughout the week. AVO detected no sulfur dioxide emissions, and no elevated surface temperatures were evident in satellite imagery.

Local seismic and infrasound sensors, web cameras, and a geodetic network monitor Shishaldin Volcano. In addition to the local monitoring network, AVO uses nearby geophysical networks, regional infrasound and lightning data, and satellite observations to detect eruptions.

Shishaldin volcano, located near the center of Unimak Island in the eastern Aleutian Islands, is a spectacular symmetric cone with a base diameter of approximately 10 miles (16 km). It is one of the most active volcanoes in the Aleutian volcanic arc, with at least 54 episodes of unrest including over 28 confirmed eruptions since 1824. Most eruptions are relatively small, although the April-May 1999 event generated an ash column that reached 45,000 ft. (14 km) above sea level.

KANAGA (VNUM #311110)
51°55'27" N 177°9'44" W, Summit Elevation 4288 ft (1307 m)
Current Volcano Alert Level: ADVISORY
Current Aviation Color Code: YELLOW

Clouds largely obscured satellite and web camera views of the volcano over the past week. A few volcanic earthquakes have occurred, but the volcano has been mostly quiet throughout the week. 

The unrest of December 18, 2023 indicates sudden explosions could occur without warning. These explosions may produce ash clouds exceeding 20,000 feet above sea level. Before the current activity, the last unrest at Kanaga Volcano was in February 2012 when a steam-driven explosion occurred together with a fissure opening on the southern crater rim. 

Kanaga Volcano is monitored by local seismic and infrasound sensors and web cameras, regional infrasound and lightning networks, and satellite data. 

Kanaga Volcano occupies the northern corner of Kanaga Island, one of the most southerly members of the central Aleutian chain. It is a symmetric composite cone 4288 ft (1307 m) high and 3 miles (4.8 km) in diameter at sea level, built of interbedded basaltic and andesitic lava flows, scoria layers, and pyroclastic rocks. Kanaga Volcano’s last significant eruption was in 1994–1995. At least two significant ash plumes were recorded over the course of this eruption: the first, to ~25,000 ft (7.5 km), occurred on February 21, 1995 and the second on August 18, 1995, when an eruption cloud reached ~15,000 ft. (4.5 km). A light dusting of ash fell on the community of Adak and air traffic was disrupted due to continuing low-level activity and cloudy conditions which prevented visual approaches to the Adak air field.


Matt Haney, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS (907) 786-7497

David Fee, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI (907) 378-5460

The Alaska Volcano Observatory is a cooperative program of the U.S. Geological Survey, the University of Alaska Fairbanks Geophysical Institute, and the Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys.

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