AVO/USGS Volcanic Activity Notice

Volcano: Tanaga (VNUM #311080)

Current Volcano Alert Level: NORMAL
Previous Volcano Alert Level: ADVISORY

Current Aviation Color Code: GREEN
Previous Aviation Color Code: YELLOW

Issued: Tuesday, July 18, 2023, 4:28 PM AKDT
Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
Notice Number: 2023/A1092
Location: N 51 deg 53 min W 178 deg 8 min
Elevation: 5925 ft (1806 m)
Area: Aleutians

Volcanic Activity Summary:

Earthquake activity near Tanaga Volcano has decreased in both rate and magnitude from the peak of the swarm on March 9–11 when over 150 earthquakes per day were located on Tanaga Island to less than 3 earthquakes per day in the last few weeks. Recent satellite images do not indicate any ongoing deformation on the island. No other signs of volcanic unrest have been detected. The Alaska Volcano Observatory is therefore lowering the Aviation Color Code to GREEN and the Volcano Alert Level to NORMAL.

The Alaska Volcano Observatory will continue to closely monitor seismic activity on Tanaga Island.

Tanaga is monitored with a local seismic network, a single local infrasound sensor, regional infrasound and lightning sensors, and satellite imagery.  

For current monitoring data:

Recent Observations:
[Volcanic cloud height] None observed
[Other volcanic cloud information] None observed


Tanaga Island lies in the Andreanof Islands approximately 100 km (62 miles) west of the community of Adak and 2025 km (1260 miles) SW of Anchorage. The northern half of the island is home to the Tanaga volcanic complex, comprising three main volcanic edifices. Tanaga Volcano is the tallest of these (1,806 m or 5,925 ft) and lies in the center of the complex. The last reported eruption of Tanaga occurred in 1914 and earlier eruptions were reported in 1763-1770, 1791, and 1829. Reports of these eruptions are vague, but deposits on the flanks of the volcano show that typical eruptions produce blocky lava flows and occasional ash clouds. Eruptions have occurred both from the summit vent and a 1,584 m (5,197 ft)-high satellite vent on the volcano's northeast flank. Immediately west of Tanaga volcano lies Sajaka, a 1,354 m (4,443 ft)-high compound edifice with an older cone to the east that collapsed into the sea within the last few thousand years, and a new cone that has grown in the breach. The new cone is 1,312 m (4,305 ft) high and consists of steeply dipping, interbedded cinders and thin, spatter-fed lava flows. To the east of Tanaga lies Takawangha, which is separated from the other active volcanic vents by a ridge of older rock. Takawangha's 1,449 m (4,754 ft)-high summit is mostly ice-covered, except for four young craters that have erupted ash and lava flows in the last few thousand years. Parts of Takawangha's edifice are hydrothermally altered and may be unstable, and could produce localized debris avalanches. No historical eruptions are known from Sajaka or Takawangha; however, field work shows that recent eruptions have occurred and it is possible that historic eruptions attributed only to Tanaga may instead have come from these other vents.


Kristi Wallace, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS (907) 786-7497

Pavel Izbekov, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI (907) 378-5460

The Alaska Volcano Observatory is a cooperative program of the U.S. Geological Survey, the University of Alaska Fairbanks Geophysical Institute, and the Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys.

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