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Basalt of Gertrude Creek reported activity



Event Name : Basalt of Gertrude Creek

Start: -500000 ± 14000 YearsAr/Ar

Lava flow: BibCard BibCard
Tephrafall: BibCard BibCard
Cone: BibCard
Eruption Type:Explosive
Eruption Product: basalt BibCard

Description: From Hildreth and others (2004): "Basalt of Gertrude Creek makes up a 1-km-wide remnant of an ejecta cone and lava-flow apron that form a glacially smoothed domical swell about 5 km NE of Becharof Lake (Fig. 1 [in original text]), near the trace of the Bruin Bay Fault (Riehle and others 1993). Surviving outcrop has about 60 m of gentle relief and includes a 200-m-wide degraded crater now only 5 to 8 m deep, rimmed by brick-red scoria blocks and sheets of blobby agglutinate that are broken and frost-heaved into slabs. Outside the rim is a frost-disrupted apron of blocks and slabs of dark-gray, massive to finely vesicular, basaltic lava. The subalkaline high-alumina basalt (49.8% SiO2, 6.8% MgO) contains abundant small phenocrysts of olivine, cpx, and plagioclase, and inclusions (in olivine) of Cr-spinel. A slab of holocrystalline lava near the north rim gave a 40 Ar/39Ar plateau age of 500+/-14 ka (Hildreth and others 2003b)."

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Page modified: March 30, 2017 14:36
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