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ALASKA VOLCANO OBSERVATORY DAILY UPDATE

U.S. Geological Survey

Monday, March 13, 2017, 12:22 PM AKDT (Monday, March 13, 2017, 20:22 UTC)







BOGOSLOF VOLCANO

(VNUM #311300)


53°55'38" N 168°2'4" W,
Summit Elevation 492 ft (150 m)


Current Volcano Alert Level: WATCH

Current Aviation Color Code: ORANGE




A short-duration eruption occurred at Bogoslof volcano from about 11:31-11:43 UTC March 13 (3:31-3:43 AKDT, March 13). The eruptive event produced a small ash cloud and volcanic emissions that were detected in satellite and infrasound data. The volcanic cloud reached about 18,000 ft (5.5 km) above sea level and moved towards the south-southwest over Umnak Island and was visible in satellite data for about one hour. AVO has received no reports of ash fall out on areas south of the volcano. Because of the short duration of the eruption, no changes in the Aviation Color Code were made. After the eruptive event, the level of seismic activity declined and the repeating earthquakes that characterized the seismicity for much of the previous several days have stopped.



Bogoslof volcano remains at a heightened state of unrest and in an unpredictable condition. Additional explosions producing high-altitude volcanic clouds could occur at any time. Some previous explosions have been preceded by an increase in earthquake activity that allowed for short-term forecasts of imminent significant explosive activity. Although we are able to detect energetic explosive activity in real-time, there is typically a lag of tens of minutes until we can characterize the magnitude of the event and the altitude of the volcanic cloud. Low-level explosive activity that is below our ability to detect in our data sources may be occurring. These low-level explosions could pose a hazard in the immediate vicinity of the volcano. When such low-level activity occurs, it is considered to be consistent with Aviation Color Code ORANGE and Volcano Alert Level WATCH.



AVO has no ground-based volcano monitoring equipment on Bogoslof volcano. We continue to monitor satellite images, information from the Worldwide Lightning Location Network pertaining to volcanic-cloud lightning, and data from seismic and infrasound instruments on nearby islands for indications of volcanic activity.








CLEVELAND VOLCANO

(VNUM #311240)


52°49'20" N 169°56'42" W,
Summit Elevation 5676 ft (1730 m)


Current Volcano Alert Level: ADVISORY

Current Aviation Color Code: YELLOW




Weakly elevated surface temperatures were observed at the summit in one satellite image during the past day. Minor steaming from the summit was also visible in clear web camera views. No significant volcanic activity has been detected in seismic or infrasound data.



Cleveland volcano is monitored with a limited real-time seismic network, which inhibits AVO's ability to detect precursory unrest that may lead to an explosive eruption. Rapid detection of an ash-producing eruption may be possible using a combination of seismic, infrasound, lightning and satellite data.









OTHER ALASKA VOLCANOES



Information on all Alaska volcanoes is available at : http://www.avo.alaska.edu.



AVO scientists conduct daily checks of earthquake activity at all seismically-monitored volcanoes, examine web camera and satellite images for evidence of airborne ash and elevated surface temperatures, and consult other monitoring data as needed.



For definitions of Aviation Color Codes and Volcano Alert Levels, see: http://www.avo.alaska.edu/color_codes.php



SUBSCRIBE TO VOLCANO ALERT MESSAGES by email: http://volcanoes.usgs.gov/vns/



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CONTACT INFORMATION:


Dave Schneider, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS

djschneider@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497



Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI

jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085



The Alaska Volcano Observatory is a cooperative program of the U.S. Geological Survey, the University of Alaska Fairbanks Geophysical Institute, and the Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys.