ALASKA VOLCANO OBSERVATORY WEEKLY UPDATE
U.S. Geological Survey
Friday, December 9, 2011, 12:45 PM AKST (Friday, December 9, 2011, 21:45 UTC)
52°49'20" N 169°56'42" W,
Summit Elevation 5676 ft (1730 m)
Current Volcano Alert Level: ADVISORY
Current Aviation Color Code: YELLOW
Although mostly cloudy conditions persisted at the volcano this week, several clear satellite views detected modest elevated surface temperatures at the summit on December 3-5. Gradual subsidence of the summit dome continues. AVO has received no reports of activity.
The new lava dome began growing at Cleveland in late July 2011 and eventually reached about 10 m (33 feet) below the crater rim. Last observed dome growth occurred in early October, and recent views of the summit show gradual subsidence and disintegration of the summit dome. Throughout this period of unrest and eruption, AVO has not observed deposits or features indicative of explosions or ash emission. Cleveland's activity from late July to present can be characterized as an effusive lava eruption. The volume of the lava dome prior to deflation was about one million cubic meters (1.3 million cubic yards).
Whether the eruption is over or has merely paused is not certain. Effusion could resume at any time and send lava over the crater rim and down the steep flanks of the volcano. Such lava flows might collapse and produce avalanches of hot debris that reach the sea and may be accompanied by small ash clouds.
Sudden explosions and ash emission could also occur, and ash clouds exceeding 20,000 feet above sea level may develop. Such explosions and their associated ash clouds may go undetected in satellite imagery for hours. However, in cooperation with the University of Washington, AVO has implemented a lightning alarm system that may detect significant ash-producing events within minutes of onset. If a large explosive event occurs, seismic signals may be recorded on AVO seismic networks at nearby volcanoes. There is no real-time seismic monitoring network on Mt. Cleveland.
Additional information on Cleveland Volcano and the current activity may be found at this link:
Please see http://www.avo.alaska.edu/color_codes.php for complete definitions of Aviation color codes and Volcano alert levels.
OTHER ALASKA VOLCANOES
Seismic activity is monitored in real time at 30 volcanoes in Alaska. Satellite images of all Alaskan volcanoes are analyzed daily for evidence of ash plumes and elevated surface temperatures. Some volcanoes may currently display anomalous behavior but are not considered to be at a dangerous level of unrest. Akutan, Aniakchak, Augustine, Dutton, Fisher, Fourpeaked, Gareloi, Great Sitkin, Griggs, Iliamna, Isanotski, Kanaga, Katmai, Mageik, Makushin, Martin, Novarupta, Okmok, Pavlof, Redoubt, Shishaldin, Snowy, Spurr, Tanaga, Trident, Ugashik-Peulik, Ukinrek Maars, Veniaminof, Westdahl, and Wrangell volcanoes are in color code GREEN
and volcano alert level Normal. All are at or near normal levels of background seismicity. AVO did not detect ash plumes or significant elevated surface temperatures in the vicinity of any of these volcanoes.
Please see http://www.avo.alaska.edu/color_codes.php
for complete definitions of Aviation color codes and Volcano alert levels.
VOLCANO INFORMATION ON THE INTERNET: http://www.avo.alaska.edu
RECORDING ON THE STATUS OF ALASKA'S VOLCANOES (907) 786-7478
Michelle Coombs, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
firstname.lastname@example.org (907) 786-7497
Jon Dehn, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAF
email@example.com (907) 474-6499
The Alaska Volcano Observatory is a cooperative program of the U.S. Geological Survey, the University of Alaska Fairbanks Geophysical Institute, and the Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys.