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ALASKA VOLCANO OBSERVATORY
Friday, November 1, 2002 11:00 AM AST (20:00 UTC)
MT. VENIAMINOF VOLCANO (CAVW #1102-07)
Summit Cone Elevation 7,073 ft (2,156 m)
Current Level of Concern Color Code: YELLOW
Mt. Veniaminof volcano on the Alaska Peninsula remained restless this week. Although the current seismic activity is lower than when first noted in early September, it is still above background level. No thermal anomalies have been observed in satellite views. This past week, AVO received videotape recorded in early October, showing minor emissions of volcanic ash from the intracaldera cone. The ash emission rose about 100-200 m (~300-700 ft) above the cone and drifted for a short distance before dispersing. A faint covering of ash was visible on the caldera ice field extending from the base of the cone. These observations are consistent with the elevated level of seismicity and are indicative of the type of minor activity that is occurring.
The Level of Concern Color Code will remain YELLOW due to the continuing seismicity and reports of minor ash emissions. AVO will continue to monitor the situation closely, and will issue further updates as information becomes available.
Mt. Veniaminof volcano is an andesitic stratovolcano with an ice-filled, 10-km diameter summit caldera located on the Alaska Peninsula, 775 km (480 mi) southwest of Anchorage and 35 km (22 mi) north of Perryville. Veniaminof is one of the largest and most active volcanoes in the Aleutian Arc and has erupted at least 12 times in the past 200 years. The most recent eruption occurred in 1993-95 and was a moderate Strombolian eruption from a cinder and spatter cone in the northwest sector of the caldera. The eruption was characterized by intermittent, low-level emissions of steam and ash and production of a small lava flow that melted a pit in the caldera ice field. Previous historical eruptions have produced ash plumes that reached 6,000 m (20,000 ft) above sea level and ash fallout that affected areas within about 40 km (25 mi) of the volcano. For additional information and photographs of recent historical eruptions at Veniaminof, please visit our web site: http://www.avo.alaska.edu/avo4/atlas/Veniaminof.htm
OTHER ALASKAN VOLCANOES
Seismic activity is monitored in real time at 24 volcanoes in Alaska. Satellite images of all Alaskan volcanoes are analyzed daily for evidence of ash plumes and elevated surface temperatures. Some volcanoes may currently display anomalous behavior but are not considered to be at a dangerous level of unrest.
Wrangell, Spurr, Redoubt, Iliamna, Augustine, Snowy, Griggs, Katmai, Novarupta, Trident, Mageik, Martin, Aniakchak, Pavlof, Dutton, Isanotski, Shishaldin, Fisher, Westdahl, Akutan, Makushin, Great Sitkin, and Kanaga volcanoes are in color code GREEN. All are at or near normal levels of background seismicity. AVO did not detect ash plumes or significant elevated surface temperatures in the vicinity of any volcano.