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ALASKA VOLCANO OBSERVATORY WEEKLY UPDATE
Friday, October 24, 2008 11:00 AM AKDT (Friday, October 24, 2008 19:00 UTC)


KASATOCHI VOLCANO (CAVW #1101-13-)
52°10'9" N 175°30'41" W, Summit Elevation 1030 ft (314 m)
Current Volcano Alert Level: ADVISORY
Current Aviation Color Code: YELLOW

Seismicity at Kasatochi as determined from the network on Great Sitkin Island has been at a low level over the past week. On days with little cloud cover, a weak thermal anomaly within the Kasatochi crater has been consistently observed and is likely associated with the warm crater lake. AVO has received no additional observations about activity at Kasatochi volcano over the past week. The volcano appears to be returning to its normal background state.

Kasatochi Volcano does not have a seismic network, thus AVO depends on networks on neighboring islands to monitor earthquake activity there. For this reason, low-level seismicity may not be detected and renewed volcanic activity is possible at any time with little or no warning.

Kasatochi Island represents the emergent summit of a predominantly submarine volcano composed of basaltic and andesitic lava flows and pyroclastic deposits. The island consists of a single cone with a central circular crater with a diameter of 1.4 km. The maximum height of the crater rim is about 314 m. The volcano's most recent eruption began on August 7, 2008. This eruption produced ash clouds as high as 50,000 ft above sea level and pyroclastic-flow and surge deposits that cover the entire island to a depth of many meters. Prior the 2008 eruption, Kasatochi had no confirmed historical activity, although it is possible that eruptions attributed to nearby Konuiji volcano in 1760, 1827, and 1828 were actually minor eruptions of Kasatochi. Eruptive activity in 1899 may have destroyed a lake within the Kasatochi crater. Kasatochi is 83 km (52 mi) east of the community of Adak, and 90 km (55 mi) west of the community of Atka.

OKMOK VOLCANO (CAVW #1101-29-)
53°23'49" N 168°9'58" W, Summit Elevation 3520 ft (1073 m)
Current Volcano Alert Level: ADVISORY
Current Aviation Color Code: YELLOW

Seismic activity at Okmok Volcano has been at low to near background levels over the past week, although there have been a few very brief episodes of minor volcanic tremor. Satellite views of the volcano have been obscured by clouds most of the week, but in the few clear views this week, nothing unusual has been observed and no thermal anomalies have been detected. AVO has received no new information from passing boats or pilots about activity at Okmok this week.

Although the level of seismicity is relatively low, it is possible, but growing increasingly unlikely that vigorous ash emissions will resume.

Okmok volcano is a 6-mile-wide caldera that occupies most of the eastern end of Umnak Island, located 75 miles southwest of Dutch Harbor in the eastern Aleutian Islands. Okmok has had several eruptions in historic time typically consisting of ash emissions occasionally to over 30,000 feet ASL but generally much lower; lava flows crossed the caldera floor in 1945, 1958, and 1986. The last eruption occurred in February 1997 and was characterized by lava flows and intermittent ash emissions.

The nearest settlements are Nikolski, population about 35, roughly 45 miles west of the volcano, and a small number of people at the former Fort Glenn military base 10 miles east of the volcano.

OTHER ALASKA VOLCANOES

Seismic activity is monitored in real time at 31 volcanoes in Alaska. Satellite images of all Alaskan volcanoes are analyzed daily for evidence of ash plumes and elevated surface temperatures. Some volcanoes may currently display anomalous behavior but are not considered to be at a dangerous level of unrest. Augustine, Iliamna, Redoubt, Wrangell, Gareloi, Great Sitkin, Makushin, Fisher, Shishaldin, Isanotski, Pavlof, Veniaminof, Ugashik-Peulik, Griggs, Snowy, Fourpeaked, Aniakchak, Tanaga, Kanaga, Akutan, Westdahl, Dutton, Ukinrek Maars, Martin, Mageik, Trident, Katmai, Novarupta, Spurr, and Korovin volcanoes are in color code GREEN and volcano alert level Normal. All are at or near normal levels of background seismicity. AVO did not detect ash plumes or significant elevated surface temperatures in the vicinity of any volcano.

Please see http://www.avo.alaska.edu/color_codes.php for complete definitions of Aviation color codes and Volcano alert levels.

VOLCANO INFORMATION ON THE INTERNET: http://www.avo.alaska.edu
RECORDING ON THE STATUS OF ALASKA'S VOLCANOES (907) 786-7478

CONTACT INFORMATION:
Tom Murray, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
tlmurray@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Steve McNutt, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
steve@giseis.alaska.edu (907) 474-7131

The Alaska Volcano Observatory is a cooperative program of the U.S. Geological Survey, the University of Alaska Fairbanks Geophysical Institute, and the Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys.
VOLCANO ALERT LEVELS
NORMAL
Volcano is in typical background, noneruptive state or, after a change from a higher level, volcanic activity has ceased and volcano has returned to noneruptive background state.
ADVISORY
Volcano is exhibiting signs of elevated unrest above known background level or, after a change from a higher level, volcanic activity has decreased significantly but continues to be closely monitored for possible renewed increase.
WATCH
Volcano is exhibiting heightened or escalating unrest with increased potential of eruption, timeframe uncertain, OR eruption is underway but poses limited hazards.
WARNING
Hazardous eruption is imminent, underway, or suspected.
AVIATION COLOR CODES
GREEN
Volcano is in typical background, noneruptive state or, after a change from a higher level, volcanic activity has ceased and volcano has returned to noneruptive background state.
YELLOW
Volcano is exhibiting signs of elevated unrest above known background level or, after a change from a higher level, volcanic activity has decreased significantly but continues to be closely monitored for possible renewed increase.
ORANGE
Volcano is exhibiting heightened or escalating unrest with increased potential of eruption, timeframe uncertain, OR eruption is underway with no or minor volcanic-ash emissions [ash-plume height specified, if possible].
RED
Eruption is imminent with significant emission of volcanic ash into the atmosphere likely OR eruption is underway or suspected with significant emission of volcanic ash into the atmosphere [ash-plume height specified, if possible].
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URL: avo.alaska.edu/activity/avoreport.php
Page modified: May 16, 2014 09:40
Contact Information: AVO Web Team

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